Similarities & Differences


What do you see as similarities and differences between the research process, the Evidence-Based Practice process, and nursing process? Include rationale to support your response.

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Submission Instructions:

  • Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. 

You should respond to at least two of your peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts.

NUR_416 Post #1

Lisa Wright

St. Thomas University

NUR 416: Nursing Research & Evidence-Based Practice

Lisbet Henriquez

September 22, 2022





           The research process is a meticulous step-by-step process where a phenomenon is investigated to discern new insight that helps shed fresh enlightening in addressing the issue. The information generated can be used to piggyback additional research that may focus on another aspect of the research. On the other hand, the evidence-based process takes an issue in healthcare, formulates a query through a PICOT question, and attempts to answer it through an analysis of relevant research studies. The evidence available is critiqued to assess whether it holds up and if it does, it is applied in practice. Finally, the nursing process employs a systematic review of available knowledge to assess, diagnose, implement and evaluate an intervention for a patient (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2022). This assignment module examines the similarities and differences between the research process, the Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) process, and the nursing process. 


            One of the similarities between the research, evidence-based, and nursing process is that the three processes seek to improve patient outcomes. While research investigates a phenomenon in healthcare, like a behavioral study where respondents exhibit various traits, the EBP process examines healthcare issues like optimization of healthcare delivery or workplace violence reduction (Chien, 2019). The nursing process ensures improved patient outcomes by employing a robust process to diagnose and intervene to improve the patient’s condition. Secondly, the three concepts follow a rigid set-by-step algorithm to ensure that the issue under investigation is conclusively addressed. By following these structured and guided approaches, the outcomes can be relied upon since they check the boxes of conduct standards. For instance, in the nursing process, an intervention cannot be administered until an assessment and a diagnosis is made. With EBP, research cannot be critiqued without properly outlining the PICOT question in full.

            The third similarity is that the three processes almost begin with an assessment. While the research process begins with asking a question about a phenomenon, EBP starts with the spirit of a query about a phenomenon (book). The nursing process also begins relatively the same where a nurse employs critical thinking and data collection to gain insight into an issue. 


            The three concepts differ because, unlike in research and nursing processes, the EBP process does not entail the collection of new insights about an issue. Research and nursing processes conduct or depend on original research and conduct tests to understand an issue. The EBP process, on the other hand, deals with existing knowledge (mostly from research) about a phenomenon, critiques it, and applies it to decision-making. Secondly, the nursing process is more hands-on and practical, dealing with patients and interacting with them when administering interventions. The research and EBP processes are relatively more theoretical and focus more on evidence and knowledge generation (Brownson et al., 2018). Thirdly, while research deals with original investigation and generating new insight, EBP use is more diverse, employing expert insight and translating it into actual practice. This EBP process approach can also be applied in nursing, where an expert’s opinion can be integrated into actual practice. For instance, seasoned nurses can inspire the nursing process by using the clinical expertise that they have garnered over time.


            The three concepts are pivotal to healthcare delivery and improvement. Healthcare improves when they are in perfect harmony, and patient outcomes can tell the difference. As mentioned above, there is also an order for them to occur and address healthcare issues. New insight can be collected about a phenomenon, starting with the research process followed by EBP, where the collected evidence is analyzed, critiqued, and implemented. The evidence inspires the nursing processes that cater to the patients at the hands of nurses. One cannot work without the other; they all need to be in synch for healthcare to reap the benefits. This assignment module assessed the similarities and differences between the research, EBP, and nursing processes.


Brownson, R. C., Eyler, A. A., Harris, J. K., Moore, J. B., & Tabak, R. G. (2018). Getting the word out: New approaches for disseminating public health science. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 24(2), 102–111.

Chien, L. Y. (2019). Evidence-based practice and nursing research. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4), e29.

Toney-Butler, T. J., & Thayer, J. M. (2022). Nursing process. StatPearls Publishing.

NUR_416 Post #2

Milaine Garcia

St. Thomas University

NUR 416 AP 2

Instructor Lisbet Henriquez

September 22, 2022

Similarities and Differences

      With constant changes and new developments being implemented in the healthcare field, nurses face the challenge to remain up to date in order to deliver the best possible patient care. By introducing innovative solutions to both classic and modern health conditions, nurses are required to step outside of their normal routines. Additionally, they are involved in creating new initiatives that improve the health of individuals. This can be accomplished by incorporating the rapidly developing body of evidence-based information and research into the management of patients and their families (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2018). To accomplish this, we first must understand the different fundamental processes involved.

      One of the processes is the research process. This can be defined as a methodical, precise, and critical investigation meant to develop a better understanding of nursing phenomena (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2018). The research process follows the same steps as the scientific process (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2018).  It includes scientific and methodical evaluations that address certain research problems or test particular hypotheses. Exploring, examining, and uncovering are all part of research (Fisher & Bloomfield, 2019). Scientific methods must be employed in a systematic and chronological manner in order for the outcomes of research to be valid and credible. Discoveries in research are made through the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.

      Another process involved is evidence-based practice, which includes gathering, analyzing, and integrating data along with clinical expertise and patient preferences in order to guide clinical decision-making (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2018). The steps of the evidence-based practice process are as follows: ask, gather, assess and appraise, act, and evaluate. The nursing process is the foundation for nursing care and also plays an important role in nursing research.        

      Even though they all play an important part in the development of nursing procedures, they have their similarities and differences. For example, when discussing similarities, all three begin with identifying the phenomenon of interest. They all include gathering evidence or conducting assessments about the phenomenon. They are all sequential processes, meaning that in order to achieve a result, a certain sequence process must be followed. Lastly, their end objective is to evaluate if the selected phenomenon is effective for patient care.

      In terms of differences, the nursing process and evidence-based practice process are composed of five steps, while the research process is composed of more than five. Evidence-based practice makes use of current information to enhance the delivery of healthcare, whereas research promotes or creates new knowledge (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2018). Another difference is that the nursing process is only applicable in the medical field while research can be used in other fields. The nursing process is conducted to design and give individualized care to clients using existing information. The majority of the time, this information is acquired through the research process. The goal of the research process is to discover new information. To create new knowledge, research employs a framework (quantitative or qualitative). Nonetheless, nurses and healthcare professionals use these processes simultaneously or interchangeably to improve patient care. Thus, it is crucial for all nurses to comprehend the distinctions and similarities between these three concepts and their impact on the field.


Fisher, M. J., & Bloomfield, J. (2019). Understanding the research process. Journal of the Australasian Rehabilitation Nurses Association, 22(1), 22–27.

LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2018). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice (9th ed.). Elsevier.


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