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Poster/PPT Presentation Rubric – Research Methods 2 PSY 535
Poster/Slides Poor Excellent
Organization of Information (good outline) 1 2 3 4 5
Ideas are clearly stated and understood 1 2 3 4 5
Attractiveness of slides/transitions 1 2 3 4 5
Complete (all necessary info included) 1 2 3 4 5
Quality of Materials/Ideas Poor Excellent
Materials for study are of sufficient quality 1 2 3 4 5
Methodology is appropriate to answer question 1 2 3 4 5
Variables are operationally defined appropriately 1 2 3 4 5
Provides theoretical background for study 1 2 3 4 5
Feasibility of study (could you really do this?) 1 2 3 4 5
Quality of hypotheses (linked to theory?) 1 2 3 4 5
Understanding of statistical analysis required 1 2 3 4 5
Understanding of possible outcomes/results 1 2 3 4 5
Able to articulate meaning of possible results 1 2 3 4 5
Peer-reviewed references (on reference page) 1 2 3 4 5
Delivery of Presentation Poor Excellent
Pace of speech is appropriate 1 2 3 4 5
Energy/enthusiasm 1 2 3 4 5
Volume is appropriate (no mumbling/ whispering/
yelling) 1 2 3 4 5
Clearly knowledgeable about topic 1 2 3 4 5
Holds audiences’ attention/responsive to inattentiveness
(or monotone deliver; tangents) 1 2 3 4 5
Anticipates and addresses possible questions at end 1 2 3 4 5
Final Grade for Presentation:
The Influence of Social Media on Mental Health
Saint Leo University
Research Method II: PSY 535
Instructor Andrea Goldstein
November 4, 2022
The Influence of social media on Mental Health
It is essential to define social media and mental health to have a meaningful conversation on the impact technology has on people’s emotional well-being. One definition of social media is how individuals may discuss and learn more about a range of topics with one another. Video, still images, and sound are just some of the many ways data may be sent. The material provided on these sites has the potential to help people or to cause harm, such as mental health problems or radicalization. YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Flickr are all examples of well-known social networking sites. Pew predicts that by 2022, 84 percent of U.S. adults will be active on at least one social networking site, up from 5 percentage points in 2002. In the United States, people mainly utilize the social media sites Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, and Twitter.
One cannot imagine current life without the ubiquitous presence of social media. Since it was first created, people have found several ways to put it to use. Social media were designed to facilitate quick one-on-one contact. However, it has steadily been implemented in several industries, including schools, the business world, and hospitals, as a tool for marketing, making it simpler to contact more consumers and prospective clients in a short period. However, social media’s negative aspects may harm people’s health and well-being. Among the harmful impacts of social media is the rise of mental health problems, according to recent studies. Anxiety, sadness, and mania are just some of the mental health problems that have been linked to excessive social media usage.
People’s mental well-being is crucial since it determines how actively they engage in everyday life. Mental health issues may impair an individual’s ability to operate and can be triggered by various traumatic experiences, abusive relationships, child maltreatment, unemployment, and failed marriages. Common mental health difficulties include melancholy, inability to sleep, tension, hostility, and suppression of feelings (Coyne et al.,2020). However, mental health encompasses not only physical health but also social and emotional well-being.
Some have suggested that media positively and negatively affect users’ mental health. One of social media’s most frequently cited advantages is the increased privacy it provides its users. Individuals can feel safe sharing their traumatic experiences, knowing their privacy will be protected. In other words, face-to-face interactions don’t necessarily guarantee the same level of openness that can be found on social media. Reducing the stigma associated with mental health issues requires people to connect with others, and social media can facilitate this. It’s not just people you can talk to on social media; there are also organizations whose sole purpose is to aid those with mental health problems. One negative effect of social media on mental health is that it can lead people to spend more time alone and less interacting with others, leading to increased loneliness. Cyberbullying, low mood, and other mental health problems are all possible outcomes of extensive social media use (Robinson and Smith, 2022). This study aims to delve more deeply into the effects of mental health by concentrating on literature and further studies. In this proposal, we will discuss the results of an experiment designed to determine the impact of social media on individuals’ psychological well-being. Specifically, it will examine the study’s sample, the methods used to gather data, and the variables of interest.
The adverse effects of excessive social media usage are seen across all demographics. Nonetheless, several studies have indicated that people between the ages of 12 and 30 are more likely than older persons to have mental health problems (Berryman, Ferguson, and Nagy, 2018). People under the age of 30 spend disproportionately more time than those over the age of 30 consuming media on electronic devices, which may explain this pattern. Students from high schools and universities will make up the bulk of this experiment’s subjects because of the increased vulnerability of these age groups to mental health problems. Different studies and analyses have shown that
students who spend much time on social media are at a higher risk of developing insomnia, anxiety, despair, and poor self-esteem. This research aims to examine the relationship between students’ usage of social media and the emergence of mental health problems by controlling for various factors.
This study will employ a controlled research design to investigate factors for mental health problems among high school and college students who spend too much time on social media. The average number of learners on average time spent on social media will be a crucial variable to account for in the experiment. This will assist in differentiating between the typical amounts of time that are good for and bad for a student’s mental health.
The survey will also assess the impact of popular social media sites on students’ mental health. Multiple social media sites have been shown to increase the likelihood of mental distress, such as poor self-esteem, which is one of the first symptoms of mental health issues. YouTube, Instagram, and Snapchat are among the most popular applications among students in that age range.
The success of this experiment depends on the thoroughness with which we gather data and other information. Selected students will be asked to complete surveys on their experiences with social media, including how they felt before, during, and after utilizing various sites. The gathered data from the surveys will be used to determine what causes pupils to touch down in the dumps and what contributes to the development of long-term emotional and psychological difficulties (Berryman, Ferguson, and Negy, 2018). This is the most crucial phase since it will address the influence of variables like typical social media use, content intake, and possible interactions.
Bashir, H., & Bhat, S. A. (2017). Effects of social media on mental health: A review.
International Journal of Indian Psychology,
Berryman, C., Ferguson, C. J., & Negy, C. (2018). Social media use and mental health among young adults.
Bucci, S., Schwannauer, M., & Berry, N. (2019). The Digital Revolution and its impact on Mental Health Care.
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice,
Coyne, S. M., Rogers, A. A., Zurcher, J. D., Stockdale, L., & Booth, M. C. (2020). Does time spent using social media impact mental health?: An eight year longitudinal study.
Computers in Human Behavior,
Graham, S. (2018). A revised writer(s)-within-Community model of writing.
Kiger, M. E., & Varpio, L. (2020). Thematic analysis of qualitative data: AMEE guide No. 131.
Naslund, J. A., Bondre, A., Torous, J., & Aschbrenner, K. A. (2020). Social Media and Mental Health: Benefits, risks, and opportunities for research and Practice.
Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science,
O’Reilly, M. (2020). Social Media and Adolescent Mental Health: The good, the bad and the ugly.
Journal of Mental Health,
Pew Research Center. (2022, October 7).
Social Media Fact sheet. Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. Retrieved November 1, 2022, from
Robinson, L., & Smith, M. (2022).
Social Media and Mental Health. HelpGuide.org. Retrieved November 1, 2022, from
Twenge, J. M., Spitzberg, B. H., & Campbell, W. K. (2019). Less in-person social interaction with peers among U.S. adolescents in the 21st century and links to loneliness.
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships,
The presentation will be based on the hypothesis from Research Methods I,
and will include a finalized methodology to test the hypothesis, planned analyses, and
discussion of potential findings
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