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Previous assignment.


Annotated Bibliography: Pandemics and Income Inequality

Esseau-Thomas, Chrys Galarraga and Khalifa Sherif. “Epidemics, pandemics and income

inequality” Health Economics Review (2022) 12:7

Esseau-Thomas et al. (2021) are credible authors in health economic reviews with

significant expertise, knowledge, and experience concerning health impacts on

economic presentation. In the article, the authors investigated the impacts of epidemics

and pandemics on income levels for countries globally for the last two decades of the

century. Specifically, the authors employed a model to the demonstrated association

between epidemic and pandemic of income quality, acknowledging the Gini coefficient

of a dummy variable that indicates the occurrence of an epidemic or a pandemic in a

country in a given year and the number of deaths per 100,000. Specifically, the authors

employed Three-Stage-Least-Squares estimation to conduct a cross-country analysis of

the impacts of the pandemic on the quality of income. According to the article

outcomes, there is a significant relationship between the Covid-19 pandemic and quality

income, with significant quality reduction amid such a pandemic. Fundamentally, the

authors concluded that pandemic occurrences and outcomes have a significant positive

correlation with quality income. Similarly, in a study to investigate the impacts of the

pandemic on income quality, the article concepts will provide an effective arena for


knowledge expansion and a foundation to support the existing impact of a pandemic on

income quality globally.

Davide Furceri, Prakash Loungani, Jonathan D. Ostry, and Pietro Pizzuto.” The Rise in

Inequality after Pandemics: Can Fiscal Support Play a Mitigating Role?” IMF Working

paper. 2021

Financial consolidation is one critical aspect that requires practical discussion and

implementation amid pandemics to create a platform for economic and financial

recovery. In the article, the authors, Davide et al. (2021) with significant knowledge,

experience, and authorial authority in the IMF working paper have to provide an in-

depth paper addressing the extent of fiscal consolidation in the years following the onset

of these pandemics has played an important role in determining the extent of the

increase in inequality. Specifically, the article accommodates three notable pandemics

of the century including SARS, H1N1, MERS, Ebola, and Zika that have created an

increased economic and income inequality in a population. According to the results

from the government’s fiscal balance, health expenditures, and redistribution there was

an increase in the Gini measure indicating an increase in income inequality due to the

pandemics. Furthermore, the authors submitted that the Covid-19 pandemic impacts on

income inequality are likely to increase due to lacking strong fiscal policies to

counteract the negative impact of Covid-19. Finally, the data from IMF 2020; Stiglitz

2020; Sandbu 2020b), demonstrated the fundamental implementation of financial

policies and practices amid the pandemic and its relationship with economic and income

qualities. Similarly, the article is relevant in providing effective and real-time

information on the impacts of the pandemic on income quality and significant


articulation of the relevant financial policies to manage income quality. Thus, the article

will be underpinning an understanding of the pandemic and income inequality and,

pragmatic solutions.

Chen, Tiejun Gozgor, Giray and Kwong Giray.” Pandemics and Income Inequality: What Do

the Data Tell for the Globalization Era? Front. Public Health”.2021

The use of the globalization era and data is critical for data-driven decisions in all

aspects of life. In the article, the author, Chen et al. (2021) conducted research to

investigate the effects of pandemics uncertainty on income inequality, considering the

new measure of pandemics uncertainty, the World Pandemic Discussion Index (WPDI),

and the post-tax (net) Gini coefficient, accommodating the panel data of 141 countries

from 1996 to 2020. Fundamentally, the outcome of the research indicated that the

Feasible General Least Squares estimations of the posited negative relationship with

income inequalities in 34 OECD economies. The researchers concluded that the

analysis is critical in considering models, controls, and various analysis

implementations. Similarly, the article is relevant for effective use in the research to

determine the relationship between pandemics and income inequality accommodating

globalization era data and implications. Thus, the study will provide an effective

articulation of the impacts of pandemics on income inequality, accommodating

fundamental articulation of global perspectives and implications.


Current assignement

Compose an in-depth outline for your proposal argument paper. Be sure to review this

week’s video and PowerPoint before constructing this outline. You will need to include

a thesis statement in the form of a complex sentence, at least 4 topic sentences, at least

four examples with in-text citations, and at least four wrap-up sentences. You should

include a Works Cited page. This outline should be 500 words minimum with at least 4

sources – you can use the sources from your annotated bibliography if they fit well with

your thesis – or you can find new source(s) if you’ve chosen a different path.

Your outline will look something like this:

Research Question:

Thesis Statement: (a complex sentence that answers your RQ)

Topic sentence 1: (The first reason your thesis is true.)


Example 1: (Information from your first source with intext citation in MLA format.)

Wrap-up sentences: (3-4 sentences that connect your example to your topic sentence

and your topic sentence to your thesis.)

Topic sentence 2: (The second reason your thesis is true.)

Example 2: (Information from your second source with intext citation in MLA format.)

Wrap-up sentences: (3-4 sentences that connect your example to your topic sentence

and your topic sentence to your thesis.)

Topic sentence 3: (The third reason your thesis is true.)


Example 3: (Information from your third source with intext citation in MLA format.)

Wrap-up sentences: (3-4 sentences that connect your example to your topic sentence

and your topic sentence to your thesis.)

Topic sentence 4: (The fourth reason your thesis is true.)

Example 4: (Information from your fourth source with intext citation in MLA format.)

Wrap-up sentences: (3-4 sentences that connect your example to your topic sentence

and your topic sentence to your thesis.)

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